Tips and tricks
Domestic step testing
Do you suspect that you have a leak in your property ?
How to check if your toilet is leaking inside the bowl.
Place a piece of toilet paper at the back inside the PAN, see it it gets wet
Leak Sizes: HOW MUCH WATER CAN YOU LOOSE ?
What is step testing?
Step testing is a method of elimination
Start at a point the furthers away from the meter and close valves one by one whilst checking the meter after each valve is closed once the meter stop your leak is in that section of pipe that was closed off last.
How much does a leak cost?
Leaks can cost you more than just the water that is going to waste but also the cost on your sewer as you pay a percentage of what you pay for water that passes through your meter for sewer. A factor always left out is electricity if the leak is on the hot water network. If you receive free water remember that the leak is not the free water you get but rather the water you pay for that could have been saved.
Where is the leak?
Don’t be fooled the sound in the bathroom or kitchen does not always point to a leak in the bathroom or kitchen or just outside it can be meters away as these areas are acoustic right for the sound to be amplified. Sound travel in pipes to this points. In most cases leaks are next to the sewer line and the water find a way along the pipe and therfore stay under ground and undetected by sight. Tree roots and flowers force the water down and cause it not to become visible
What should I do if I buy a house?
1. Check the meter to insure there is no leaks.
2. Insist on a report that the water network is sound and leak free, we can do a pressure test to prove that no leaks are present.
3. Check the geyser/s or let them be check if the installation comprises with the SABS 0254 safety code
4. Ask for a sewer inspection to be sure that the sewer net work is intact clean and has no broken pipes or tree roots in it.
5 Ask for a layout of where the fresh water and sewer networks are located on the property draw it on a copy of the building plans. Or make a raw drawing of it with estimates for later if you have problems with the networks
IF IN DOUBT CALL US IF IN DOUBT CALL US IF IN DOUBT CALL US
PRV’S Pressure reducing Valves.
This piece of equipment can be installed at complexes, office blocks etc, to reduce the supply pressure in order to prevent burst pipes and damage to your network when the supplier increases pressure for what ever reason.
The delivery pressure can be set to a level that is acceptable for the client. By doing this you will not only save on maintenance but will also save on water consumption.
Geyser installations: ( DO NOT ATTEMPT THIS AS A DIY)
Illistrations from IOPSA Site
All installation must comply with SABS 0254 safety code as per illustrations above.
All installations after 2001 must be according to these specifications, if not and worked on, the homeowner must be informed in writing by the plumber that the installation is not according to this standard. Home owners insurance companies may refuse coverage if the installation is not according to standard.
What size geyser can I fit against a wall?
No geyser bigger than 150ℓ shall be wall mounted.
The wall must be inspected to see if it will hold the geyser or need additional support.
Fastening bolts may not be smaller than 10mm and at least four of them must be used.
Enough space must be left for maintenance afterwards without distress.
Ceiling mounted geysers
Ceiling mounted geysers must be fitted with a tray and support must be as follows
114mm x 38mm or 50mm x 75mm part two-stress grade structural timber must be used for support between the roof truss beams and must also spread over one load bearing wall..
Reinforced truss beams, the geyser must spread over three beams and a load bearing wall.
What common mistakes are made when installing a geyser?
Common mistakes to look out for, no pipes should run over the trap door, a shut off valve should be in reach from the trap door and so the electrical switch. The 50mm tray drainpipe should protrude at least 150mm outside the wall and must be installed at a slope this will eliminate back dripping and moisture being absorbed into the walls.
The pipe fitted to the safety valve should be metal and lead to the outside of the house.
The use of Poly propylene pipe (Polycob) in a roof is strongly discourage
The use of the same pipe for hot water or installation in a wall is not of standard and should not be done.
Do not fit Polycob pipes close to a geyser at all. ( it expand and shrink with the heat and cooling down the start to leak at the joints) Polycob is for cold water underground.
How do I read my meter?
For the purpose of charges only the white on black readings should be taken
To determine if you have a leak look at the dials or the white on red readings
1000 Kℓ 100 Kℓ 10 Kℓ 1Kℓ 100 ℓ 10 ℓ liters Mℓx100
Black on white ( Bulk) White on red or dials
White on Black (Bypass)
On the bulk side the dials replace the white on red numbers with the smallest water use on the left side
Is my meter faulty?
The chances is very slim, how older a meter how worst is the accuracy but always then in favor of the client. Faults on meters do occur but in very few cases.
In cases of bulk meters, it’s advised that strainers be installed before the meter to prevent damage by stones and debris in the water.
Bypass meters / Bulk meters
Here you have two readings to content with, One for high volume flow and one for low volume flow.
These are normally at factories, housing complexes, flats and office blocks.
Meter should be installed as per instruction from the manufacturer thus the most common mistakes made.
Meter can only be installed vertical or horizontal mostly the later make sure the meters are installed in the correct manner.
There should be at least three times the diameter of the meter straight pipe in front of the meter and no obstruction behind the meter specially in cases of bulk meters.
If it is a 100mm meter, there should be 300mm straight pipe before the meter without obstruction and behind the meter. This might not be the case with some newer meters now on the market always refer to the meter specifications.
TWO COMON METHODS OF LEAK DETECTION:
Sound: a correlator will be used that will record the sound in the pipes with the size, length and make of pipe keyed into the computer the sound velocity will be calculated and the leak will be pinpointed
Gas: Forming gas is pumped into the pipe network and the gas is traced. This method tend to be more expensive as the gas is a consumable that can't be recovered. The Gas is harmless in the quantities used.
COMMEN CAUSES OF LEAKS:
1. Coper pipes not soldered properly / pitting
2. Galvinised pipes age , Tree roots
3. Polycob brase fittings corrosion due to electricity ( lightning earth problems) no O rings, roots , rocks on the pipe.
4. HDPE pipe no o rings , cracked , tree roots, rocks on the pipe
5. Pressure to high for the pipe
6. Trees that are planted on top of the pipe line and the roots damage the pipes